Russia has more military firepower than Ukraine – spanning land, air and sea.

It has 900,000 active military personnel in its forces, against 196,600 for Ukraine.

This reflects a broader military dominance that stems from a Russian defense budget that dwarfs that of Ukraine.

The imbalance is greatest at sea, with Russia having 10 times as many navy personnel.

The Russian Navy operates 74 warships and 51 submarines, compared to two Ukrainian warships.

On land, the balance is closer. The Russian army is made up of 280,000 soldiers against 125,600 for Ukraine.

Ukraine also has 900,000 reservists – those who received military training in the past five years – compared to two million for Russia.

While these ratios are both around 2.2 to 1, the Russians are much better off when it comes to gear.

They have more than three times more artillery, six times more tanks and almost seven times more armored vehicles than the Ukrainians.

Ground Forces of Russia and Ukraine

In the air, it’s a similar story: Russia has 10 times more attack planes and helicopters.

The Ukrainians have more than 400 surface-to-air missile launchers that could target aircraft – although this is still only a tenth of the number possessed by Russia.

Russia also has a strong advantage with long-range weapons, possessing more than 500 land-based ballistic missile launchers.

Source: IISS military report 2022

Some analysts believe a Russian attack would rely on long-range weapons such as cruise missiles to target key Ukrainian sites from a distance.

In recent weeks, NATO countries have provided Ukraine with additional “lethal aid”, such as the UK’s supply of 2,000 anti-tank weapons.

Yet while these expeditions are designed to make any Russian invasion more costly for them, few experts believe these weapons would change the immediate outcome of a Russian attack.

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