Coronavirus infections have jumped in parts of Europe, according to the FT’s Covid-19 tracker, as Austria becomes the first European country to mandate vaccinations for all adults.

Austria reported 266.5 average coronavirus cases per 100,000 people in the seven days to January 24, compared to a low of 23.5 average infections per 100,000 people in the seven days to December 27.

Last week, Austria became the first country in the region to make vaccination against Covid-19 compulsory for all adults amid an upsurge in infections. Under the law, those who refuse a shot face fines of up to €3,600.

Infections are even higher in France. The country reported 535.5 average infections per 100,000 people in the seven days to January 24, compared to a low of 6.9 average cases per 100,000 people in the seven days to October 19.

Prime Minister Jean Castex has said some Covid-19 rules will be relaxed next month, even though infections number more than 400,000 a day, according to data from the French health ministry.

The World Health Organization Europe remains cautiously optimistic that the “emergency phase” of the pandemic will end this year, despite the winter peak in parts of the continent.

The EU reported 177.2 average coronavirus cases per 100,000 people in the seven days to January 24, compared to a recent peak of 214.7 average infections per 100,000 people in the seven days to January 17.

The UK reversed the trend in other parts of the continent, reporting 139 average coronavirus infections per 100,000 people in the seven days to January 24, down from a recent high of 272.9 average infections per 100,000 people during the seven days preceding January 5.